Graphs arise naturally in many real-world applications including social networks, recommender systems, ontologies, biology, and computational finance. Traditionally, machine learning models for graphs have been mostly designed for static graphs. However, many applications involve evolving graphs. This introduces important challenges for learning and inference since nodes, attributes, and edges change over time. In this survey, we review the recent advances in representation learning for dynamic graphs, including dynamic knowledge graphs. We describe existing models from an encoder-decoder perspective, categorize these encoders and decoders based on the techniques they employ, and analyze the approaches in each category. We also review several prominent applications and widely used datasets and highlight directions for future research.


 title={Representation learning for dynamic graphs: A survey},
 author={Kazemi, Seyed Mehran and Goel, Rishab and Jain, Kshitij and Kobyzev, Ivan and Sethi, 
 Akshay and Forsyth, Peter and Poupart, Pascal},
 journal={Journal of Machine Learning Research (JMLR)},

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