Preserving the performance of a trained model while removing unique characteristics of marked training data points is challenging. Recent research usually suggests retraining a model from scratch with remaining training data or refining the model by reverting the model optimization on the marked data points. Unfortunately, aside from their computational inefficiency, those approaches inevitably hurt the resulting model’s generalization ability since they remove not only unique characteristics but also discard shared (and possibly contributive) information. To address the performance degradation problem, this paper presents a novel approach called Performance Unchanged Model Augmentation (PUMA). The proposed PUMA framework explicitly models the influence of each training data point on the model’s generalization ability with respect to various performance criteria. It then complements the negative impact of removing marked data by reweighting the remaining data optimally. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the PUMA framework, we compared it with multiple state-of-theart data removal techniques in the experiments, where we show the PUMA can effectively and efficiently remove the unique characteristics of marked training data without retraining the model that can 1) fool a membership attack, and 2) resist performance degradation. In addition, as PUMA estimates the data importance during its operation, we show it could serve to debug mislabelled data points more efficiently than existing approaches. 

Bibtex

@inproceedings{Wu:aaai22,
author = {Ga Wu and Masoud Hashemi and Christopher Srinivasa}, 
year = {2022}, 
title = {PUMA: Performance Unchanged Model Augmentation for Training Data Removal}, 
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 36th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-2022)}, 
address = {Vancouver, Canada}, }